Directions (Q. 1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Mercy killing is the act of killing someone painlessly especially to relieve someone suffering from an incurable illness. It is also known as Euthanasia . It came from the Greek words, Eu (good) and Thanatopsis (death), but it relates to most painful and enigmatic question for the terminally ill patients, be it Cancer, AIDS, accidental or traumatic coma, and innumerable vincurable diseases, waiting for the end to come but the end is not so easy its quite painful. The quality of life, in such a serious critical conditions is bleak, caregivers stress is also insurmountable, and the only prayer is that “DEATH” should embrace the patient in good grace for an eternal peaceful abode. In such a situation, if the death is not imminent but sure, the question arises why not the patient is artificially induced for a death, of course medically. But currently there are cases of misuse of euthanasia, for example in cases where the patient is pressured by family members to give consent to the ending of their lives.
The legalisation of voluntary euthanasia provides an opportunity for safeguards against just such a situation, and other instances of coercion and fraud. Mercy Killing is legally punishable and religiously a sin however worst may be the condition of the patient. In addition, doctors are afraid to openly discuss end-of-life decisions with patients due to illegalities. This prevents an open and honest relationship between doctor and patient in which the doctor can discover the patient’s wishes regarding his/her own life and death. That’s why in every medical centre, there is statuary warning that the physicians concerned will not reveal the gender to the patient. Because most of the Indian families said to have a dislike for female child. A simple scan if reveals a viable female foetus and they presumably run for abortion, with the medical aid or illegally with the help of quacks to imperil both the lives.
The most important question is here whether the too terminally ill, with the pain which cannot be described in words, should they live waiting for the death to grace or can euthanasia be legally permitted for the embrace death with dignity. The government of India is against bringing any laws on mercy killings. The Supreme Court bench however had stated while writing the judgement -‘If we leave it solely to the patient’s relatives or to the doctors or the next friend to decide whether to withdraw life support to an incompetent person, there is always a risk in our country that this may be misused by some unscrupulous persons who wish to inherit or otherwise grab the property of the patient. Considering the low ethical levels prevailing in our society today and the rampant commercialisation and corruption, we cannot rule out the possibility that unscrupulous persons with the help of some unscrupulous doctors may fabricate material to show that it is a terminal case with no chance of recovery.’
1. Which of the following best describes Mercy Killing?
1) It is the homicide of a member of a family or social group or other members.
2) The unlawful killing, with malice of another human
3) It’s harmful, irrational and regrettable killing of a member of a family.
4) The act of putting to death painlessly by withholding medical measures from a person suffering from an incurable or painful condition.
5) All of the above
2. Which of the following depicts the importance of mercy killing?
1) It maintains family honour.
2) Because it’s inhuman to put patients through the suffering that is the direct result of their illness.
3) Its extremely secret and discrete in nature.
4) All the above
5) None of these
3. In the context of the given passage which of the following is the last option for those suffering from incurable diseases?
1) Prayer for his/her ‘DEATH’
2) Assist in suicide.
3) Must be provided better treatment
4) Their relative should appeal in the Supreme Court against the law of mercy killing
5) One should stop to give food and water to a patient in vegetative state.
4. Why is the Supreme Court against the mercy killing?
1) Because it’s against the religion
2) The case of suicide will definitely increase
3) It can’t be legalised
4) It can be misused by scrupulous person for grabbing the property of the patient
5) It will increase the cases of harassment at work place.
5. Complete the following given sentence in the context of the passage-
Mercy killing is legally ______________ and religiously a _________________ however worst may be the condition of the patient?
1) criticised, need
2) valid, boon
3) punishable, sin
4) favourable, void
5) appreciated, pathetic situation
Directions (Q. 6-8): Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
Directions (Q. 9-10): Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as given below-